T The average family size in NMD (05 Project Districts) is 6 individuals (Beneficiary Feedback Survey, 2018). The total caseload of TDP, ERP project is 355,555 families. It refers that the project benefits are reaching 2.13 million individuals. According to provisional results of census 2017-18, the total population of NMD is 5 million individuals (among all 07 Districts). Assuming equal distribution of population among all 07 Districts, the approximate population of 05 project Districts would be 3.57 million individuals and about 595,000 families.The above quoted figures together mean that benefits of NMD TDP, ERP are being delivered to 60 % families or population of project area.
T he objectives of providing ERG & LSG were primarily focused on early recovery (transportation & shelter rehabilitation) and providing the returnees with a predictable income until the livelihoods are restored. The devastation due to militancy crises and military operation is however, greater and restoration of socio-economic fabric requires more time. Restoration of sustainable livelihoods which is primarily linked with agriculture (fruit orchard, water courses, fields & grazes) and livestock still requires further time to be rehabilitated.
The economic activity triggered through TDP, ERP is not only attributed to direct induction of cash (through ERG, LSG & CWG) but, establishment of OSS also created a room for economic activities. The One Stop Shops are now small (micro) economic activity hubs in the area. The OSS not only created job opportunities for local youth (since all the OSS staff is local) but, the activity at these centers attracted small vendors who sale food items in surroundings of OSS.
The local transporter also has a higher chance of earning since the OSS has increased transportation activity. The field activity of third party firms also has an impact on youth engagement. Moreover, the project has also contributed in mobility of women, which is normally restricted due to cultural constraints.
The Beneficiary Feedback Survey (carried out by third party) indicates that major amount received through ERG & LSG was spent on Food, Clothing, Health, Education, Livestock, Firewood, Household Items, Shelter, Debt Repayment, Transport and Agriculture Inputs. The spending patterns reflect that provided amount is not only contributing in satisfying daily needs but also in intra borrowing. A considerable part of spending is made in sustainable inputs/ investment i.e. education, agriculture & livestock.
The extrapolation of results of disbursed income divided by average family size & number of months, indicate that the project has increased per individual consumption expenditure by Rs. 300 (per month) for the years 2016 & 2017. The project has also contributed in financial literacy of the beneficiaries as the Beneficiary Feedback Survey Results indicate that more than 70 % of the beneficiaries are using/ managing their banking accounts & withdrawing amounts (through debit cards), themselves.
In light of above discussion it may clearly be inferred that the direct induction of cash and establishment of OSSs have not only triggered the economic activity in the area but, are also contributing in sustainable development inputs.
In terms of CWG, the project benefits are offered to all inhabitants (families) of FATA who have at least one child below two years of age. In this regard, the condition of being TDP is waived so that all the population may benefit from health services offered at OSS. The CWG package contains a health awareness session, vaccination services (optional), growth monitoring and referral of malnourished children to relative government facility. The expected outcomes of CWG are reduce in prevalence of morbidity, reduce in prevalence of Stunting, reduce in prevalence of Wasting, reduce in Prevalence of Underweight, increase in attended births, increase in dietary diversity score and decrease in mortality.
The Beneficiary Feedback Survey indicate that 70 percent of the respondent population ranks the health awareness session (delivered to mothers) as ‘beneficial’. The survey elaborates that 76 % parents consider the health check-up (screening) of their children as beneficial and 72 % think that immunization services were beneficial for their child. About 16% of screened children have been identified as malnourished which is higher than the UNICEF emergency threshold of 15 %.
According to NMD Development Indicators Household Survey, In NMD, as a whole, the prevalence of wasting for both sexes is 14.7%, with a slight gender gap in favor of girls - 15.3% for males and 13.5% for females. Corresponding figures are 12% in KP (MICS 2009) and 10.8% in Pakistan, in 9.5% Punjab and 13.6% in Sindh (Government of Pakistan, 2013a). The prevalence of stunting in both sexes in NMD as a whole is 48.6% (47.9% for males and 49.4% for females); this is higher than the national average 44.8%), KP (41.9%) and Punjab (39.8%), Sindh (56.7%) (Government of Pakistan, 2013). Similarly, the underweight prevalence among both sexes in NMD overall is 29.3% (31.2% and 28.6% for males and females respectively). According to MICS NMD (2009), the underweight prevalence in NMD was 33.2% (Government of Pakistan, 2009) while the figure for Pakistan was 30%, KP 26.1%, Punjab 26.1% and Sindh 42.3% (Government of Pakistan, 2013a).” the immunization rate of NMD is also among lowest in Pakistan.
|Indicator Name||Target YR2 (FY 2017)||Achieved (as of 30th June 2017)||Target YR2 (FY 2018)||Achieved So Far|
|Beneficiary Families of ERG||70,000||131,643||100,000||173,396|
|Beneficiary Families of CWG (Disbursement made to Families)||20,000||60,700||300,000||163,111|
|OSS Providing CWG||4||12||15||15|