I n recent years the Newly Merged Districts (NMD) and KP regions experienced significant militancy crises. In early 2009, the government launched major security operations known as Zarb-e-Azab to root out the pockets of militants. Significant damage to physical infrastructure and services led to a large number of Temporarily Displaced Persons (TDPs) losing their homes and livelihoods - approximately 3 million people were displaced. The militancy crisis affected not only TDPs but also those who stayed behind, some of whom being just as poor and vulnerable as the TDPs. The majority of TDPs from the 2009 militancy crisis have gone back to their original locations.
In response to the humanitarian crises caused by militancy, Government of Pakistan developed a comprehensive Sustainable Return & Rehabilitation Strategy (February 2015). The strategy identifies Social Protection as one of the nine pillars for post-crisis rehabilitation strategy of NMD .
I n addition to other projects of relief, recovery & rehabilitation across KP, NMD and Baluchistan, the Government of Pakistan in collaboration with the World Bank has launched a project for all the affected areas of NMD (i.e. 05 Districts including North Waziristan, South Waziristan, Khyber, Kurram & Orakzai) called Newly Merged Districts, Temporarily Displaced Persons, Early Recovery Project. As evident by the name, the project is aimed at strengthening the early recovery of TDP returnees by providing them with a predictable and regular flow of income over the re-settlement period to cover basic needs, before livelihoods are restored (called Livelihood Support Grant, the unconditional cash transfers), as well as Child (health) Wellness Grant (the conditional cash transfer) linked with the attendance of health awareness session.